Dietary magnesium deficiency affects gut microbiota and anxiety-like behaviour in C57BL/6N mice

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Bettina Merete Pyndt Jørgensen, Gudrun Winther, Pernille Kihl, Dennis Sandris Nielsen, Gregers Wegener, Axel Kornerup Hansen, Dorte Bratbo Sørensen

OBJECTIVE: Magnesium deficiency has been associated with anxiety in humans, and rodent studies have demonstrated the gut microbiota to impact behaviour.

METHODS: We investigated the impact of 6 weeks of dietary magnesium deficiency on gut microbiota composition and anxiety-like behaviour and whether there was a link between the two. A total of 20 C57BL/6 mice, fed either a standard diet or a magnesium-deficient diet for 6 weeks, were tested using the light-dark box anxiety test. Gut microbiota composition was analysed by denaturation gradient gel electrophoresis.

RESULTS: We demonstrated that the gut microbiota composition correlated significantly with the behaviour of dietary unchallenged mice. A magnesium-deficient diet altered the gut microbiota, and was associated with altered anxiety-like behaviour, measured by decreased latency to enter the light box.

CONCLUSION: Magnesium deficiency altered behavior. The duration of magnesium deficiency is suggested to influence behaviour in the evaluated test.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Neuropsychiatrica (Print)
Vol/bind27
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)307-311
Antal sider5
ISSN0924-2708
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

ID: 144794944