Fatal elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus-1 and -4 co-infection in a juvenile Asian elephant in Europe

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Katharina Seilern-Moy, Mads Frost Bertelsen, Páll S. Leifsson, Kathryn Louise Perrin, Jonathan Haycock, Akbar Dastjerdi

Introduction
Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus-1 (EEHV-1) is one of the major causes of fatality in juvenile Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). On occasions, other EEHV genotypes, i.e. EEHV-3, -4 and -5, have also been reported as the cause of Asian elephant deaths. In this case report we describe the investigation into a juvenile Asian elephant fatality in a European zoo.

Case Presentation:
A fatal case of haemorrhagic disease in a juvenile Asian elephant from a European zoo was diagnosed with co-infection of EEHV-1 and -4. EEHV-4 had a wider organ distribution and a higher viral load; both viruses presented the highest load in the mesenteric lymph nodes.

Conclusion:
Detection of EEHV-4 in this fatal case in Europe underlines the importance of inclusion of all known Asian EEHVs in routine blood monitoring to facilitate early therapeutic intervention.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJMM Case Reports
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer2
Antal sider5
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2016

ID: 164110530