Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe

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Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe. / Hauser, Thure Pavlo; Toneatto, Fiorello; Nielsen, Jens Kvist.

I: Evolutionary Ecology, Bind 26, Nr. 3, 2012, s. 611-624.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hauser, TP, Toneatto, F & Nielsen, JK 2012, 'Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe', Evolutionary Ecology, bind 26, nr. 3, s. 611-624. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10682-011-9515-5

APA

Hauser, T. P., Toneatto, F., & Nielsen, J. K. (2012). Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe. Evolutionary Ecology, 26(3), 611-624. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10682-011-9515-5

Vancouver

Hauser TP, Toneatto F, Nielsen JK. Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe. Evolutionary Ecology. 2012;26(3):611-624. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10682-011-9515-5

Author

Hauser, Thure Pavlo ; Toneatto, Fiorello ; Nielsen, Jens Kvist. / Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe. I: Evolutionary Ecology. 2012 ; Bind 26, Nr. 3. s. 611-624.

Bibtex

@article{f5a0e74a72fb4f5c89bfc75ff9ccce87,
title = "Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe",
abstract = "Abstract Interactions between herbivores and plants are believed to have been important drivers of biodiversity. However, to drive an initial resistance divergence into different evolutionary lineages and taxa, these interactions have probably been embedded in other processes of divergence, like allopatric isolation. The cruciferous plant Barbarea vulgaris ssp. arcuata occurs in Denmark in two types: one (G) is resistant to most genotypes of the flea beetle Phyllotreta nemorum, the other (P) is susceptible. The two types additionally differ in hairiness and glucosinolates, they are genetically strongly divergent, and reproduction between them is reduced. To determine whether the two plant types and their resistance polymorphisms are also present outside Denmark, and to understand how they have evolved, we analysed 33 European populations of B. vulgaris for resistance, hairiness, glucosinolates, and microsatellite markers. Most populations had traits indicative of the G type, including the already characterized Danish G populations. In contrast, only two populations outside Denmark were of the P type; one from northern Sweden and one from Estonia. Genetically, the G populations formed two genetic clusters that were strongly divergent from a genetic cluster containing P populations. A fourth genetic cluster, which contained only a single population and no Danish plants, belonged morphologically to the subspecies ssp. vulgaris. The divergence found in Denmark between a resistant G and a susceptible P type is thus part of a larger divergence in Europe. Judging from the trait correlations, genetic divergence, and partial reproductive incompatibility, the plant types must have been isolated from each other for quite some time. The two P populations outside Denmark came from the north and east, suggesting a more eastern distribution. If so, resistant and susceptible types could have diverged during the ice age and later met in Scandinavia. However, more samples from Eastern Europe are needed to clarify this.",
keywords = "???Modstandsdygtighed mod sygdomme???, Evolutionary divergence Plant-herbivore interactions Allopatry",
author = "Hauser, {Thure Pavlo} and Fiorello Toneatto and Nielsen, {Jens Kvist}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1007/s10682-011-9515-5",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "611--624",
journal = "Evolutionary Ecology",
issn = "0269-7653",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic and geographic structure of an insect resistant and a susceptible type of Barbarea vulgaris in western Europe

AU - Hauser, Thure Pavlo

AU - Toneatto, Fiorello

AU - Nielsen, Jens Kvist

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Abstract Interactions between herbivores and plants are believed to have been important drivers of biodiversity. However, to drive an initial resistance divergence into different evolutionary lineages and taxa, these interactions have probably been embedded in other processes of divergence, like allopatric isolation. The cruciferous plant Barbarea vulgaris ssp. arcuata occurs in Denmark in two types: one (G) is resistant to most genotypes of the flea beetle Phyllotreta nemorum, the other (P) is susceptible. The two types additionally differ in hairiness and glucosinolates, they are genetically strongly divergent, and reproduction between them is reduced. To determine whether the two plant types and their resistance polymorphisms are also present outside Denmark, and to understand how they have evolved, we analysed 33 European populations of B. vulgaris for resistance, hairiness, glucosinolates, and microsatellite markers. Most populations had traits indicative of the G type, including the already characterized Danish G populations. In contrast, only two populations outside Denmark were of the P type; one from northern Sweden and one from Estonia. Genetically, the G populations formed two genetic clusters that were strongly divergent from a genetic cluster containing P populations. A fourth genetic cluster, which contained only a single population and no Danish plants, belonged morphologically to the subspecies ssp. vulgaris. The divergence found in Denmark between a resistant G and a susceptible P type is thus part of a larger divergence in Europe. Judging from the trait correlations, genetic divergence, and partial reproductive incompatibility, the plant types must have been isolated from each other for quite some time. The two P populations outside Denmark came from the north and east, suggesting a more eastern distribution. If so, resistant and susceptible types could have diverged during the ice age and later met in Scandinavia. However, more samples from Eastern Europe are needed to clarify this.

AB - Abstract Interactions between herbivores and plants are believed to have been important drivers of biodiversity. However, to drive an initial resistance divergence into different evolutionary lineages and taxa, these interactions have probably been embedded in other processes of divergence, like allopatric isolation. The cruciferous plant Barbarea vulgaris ssp. arcuata occurs in Denmark in two types: one (G) is resistant to most genotypes of the flea beetle Phyllotreta nemorum, the other (P) is susceptible. The two types additionally differ in hairiness and glucosinolates, they are genetically strongly divergent, and reproduction between them is reduced. To determine whether the two plant types and their resistance polymorphisms are also present outside Denmark, and to understand how they have evolved, we analysed 33 European populations of B. vulgaris for resistance, hairiness, glucosinolates, and microsatellite markers. Most populations had traits indicative of the G type, including the already characterized Danish G populations. In contrast, only two populations outside Denmark were of the P type; one from northern Sweden and one from Estonia. Genetically, the G populations formed two genetic clusters that were strongly divergent from a genetic cluster containing P populations. A fourth genetic cluster, which contained only a single population and no Danish plants, belonged morphologically to the subspecies ssp. vulgaris. The divergence found in Denmark between a resistant G and a susceptible P type is thus part of a larger divergence in Europe. Judging from the trait correlations, genetic divergence, and partial reproductive incompatibility, the plant types must have been isolated from each other for quite some time. The two P populations outside Denmark came from the north and east, suggesting a more eastern distribution. If so, resistant and susceptible types could have diverged during the ice age and later met in Scandinavia. However, more samples from Eastern Europe are needed to clarify this.

KW - ???Modstandsdygtighed mod sygdomme???

KW - Evolutionary divergence Plant-herbivore interactions Allopatry

U2 - 10.1007/s10682-011-9515-5

DO - 10.1007/s10682-011-9515-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 26

SP - 611

EP - 624

JO - Evolutionary Ecology

JF - Evolutionary Ecology

SN - 0269-7653

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 35232548