Gr. ἀρετή, ved. r̥tá-, av. aṣ̌a- e l’eccellenza come ordine aggiustato

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  • Laura Massetti
Gk. aretḗ ‘excellence, virtue’ can be interpreted as *(H)ar-eteh2-. The term can be traced back to IE *h2er- or *h1ar- ‘to arrange together, to adjust’ and, as such, matches partially Ved. r̥tá (*h2r̥-tó- or *h1r̥-tó-) and Av. aṣ̌a (*[H]ar-tó- or *[H]ŕ̥to-) ‘correctness, justice, truth.’ The etymology is supported by the gloss arḗtēsan: ḗrmosan (Hsch. A 41 L.). aretḗ is associated to [JUSTICE] and [RIGHTNESS] in Greek, which are structural semantic components of the Indo-Iranian (IIr.) terms. Furthermore, aretḗ, r̥tá and aṣ̌a share a set of common associations, namely, with [WHEEL], [WAGON], [(RIGHT) PATH]. The etymology of the term is thus confirmed by the phraseological data.
OriginalsprogItaliensk
TidsskriftMuenchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft
Vol/bind67
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)123–48
ISSN0077-1910
StatusUdgivet - 2013

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