Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study

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Standard

Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study. / Nielsen, Tine; Friderichsen, Ida Sophie; Tarpgaard Hartkopf, Bjarke .

I: Frontline Learning Research, Bind 7, Nr. 3, 02.10.2019, s. 91-118.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nielsen, T, Friderichsen, IS & Tarpgaard Hartkopf, B 2019, 'Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study', Frontline Learning Research, bind 7, nr. 3, s. 91-118. https://doi.org/10.14786/flr.v7i3.503

APA

Nielsen, T., Friderichsen, I. S., & Tarpgaard Hartkopf, B. (2019). Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study. Frontline Learning Research, 7(3), 91-118. https://doi.org/10.14786/flr.v7i3.503

Vancouver

Nielsen T, Friderichsen IS, Tarpgaard Hartkopf B. Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study. Frontline Learning Research. 2019 okt 2;7(3):91-118. https://doi.org/10.14786/flr.v7i3.503

Author

Nielsen, Tine ; Friderichsen, Ida Sophie ; Tarpgaard Hartkopf, Bjarke . / Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study. I: Frontline Learning Research. 2019 ; Bind 7, Nr. 3. s. 91-118.

Bibtex

@article{9ac7b8d2f2b14ecea9b9684e77cb668f,
title = "Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study",
abstract = "Self-efficacy is associated with both academic performance and attrition in higher education. Whether it is possible to measure students’ academic self-efficacy after admission and prior to commencing higher education (i.e. pre-academic self-efficacy) in a valid and reliable way has hardly been studied. Aims: 1) to evaluate the construct validity and psychometric properties of two short scales to measure Pre-Academic Learning Self-Efficacy (PAL-SE) and Pre-Academic Exam Self-Efficacy (PAE-SE) using Rasch measurement models, 2) to investigate whether pre-academic self-efficacy was associated with half-year attrition across degree programs and institutions. Data consisted of 2686 Danish students admitted to nine different university degree programs across two institutions. Item analyses showed both scales to be essentially objective and construct valid, however, all items from the PAE-SE and two from the PAL-SE were locally dependent. Differential item functioning was found for the PAL-SE relative to degree programs. Reliability of the PAE-SE was .77, and varied for the PAL-SE from .79 to .86 across degree programs. Targeting was good only for the PAL-SE, thus we proceeded with the PAL-SE. PAL-SE was found to be associated with half-year attrition: A difference in PAL-SE from minimum to maximum was associated with a difference in half-year attrition of approximately 7{\%}. This association was found both in the bivariate model and in the multivariate models with control of degree program, and with control of degree program and individual covariates such as earlier educational achievement and social background variables. Results thus also indicate that PAL-SE has a causal effect on half-year attrition.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, Pre-academic self-efficacy, construct validity, differential item functioning, graphical loglinear Rasch mode, attrition",
author = "Tine Nielsen and Friderichsen, {Ida Sophie} and {Tarpgaard Hartkopf}, Bjarke",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "2",
doi = "10.14786/flr.v7i3.503",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "91--118",
journal = "Frontline Learning Research",
issn = "2295-3159",
publisher = "EARLI",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring academic learning and exam self-efficacy at admission to university and its relation to first-year attrition: an IRT-based multi-program validity study

AU - Nielsen, Tine

AU - Friderichsen, Ida Sophie

AU - Tarpgaard Hartkopf, Bjarke

PY - 2019/10/2

Y1 - 2019/10/2

N2 - Self-efficacy is associated with both academic performance and attrition in higher education. Whether it is possible to measure students’ academic self-efficacy after admission and prior to commencing higher education (i.e. pre-academic self-efficacy) in a valid and reliable way has hardly been studied. Aims: 1) to evaluate the construct validity and psychometric properties of two short scales to measure Pre-Academic Learning Self-Efficacy (PAL-SE) and Pre-Academic Exam Self-Efficacy (PAE-SE) using Rasch measurement models, 2) to investigate whether pre-academic self-efficacy was associated with half-year attrition across degree programs and institutions. Data consisted of 2686 Danish students admitted to nine different university degree programs across two institutions. Item analyses showed both scales to be essentially objective and construct valid, however, all items from the PAE-SE and two from the PAL-SE were locally dependent. Differential item functioning was found for the PAL-SE relative to degree programs. Reliability of the PAE-SE was .77, and varied for the PAL-SE from .79 to .86 across degree programs. Targeting was good only for the PAL-SE, thus we proceeded with the PAL-SE. PAL-SE was found to be associated with half-year attrition: A difference in PAL-SE from minimum to maximum was associated with a difference in half-year attrition of approximately 7%. This association was found both in the bivariate model and in the multivariate models with control of degree program, and with control of degree program and individual covariates such as earlier educational achievement and social background variables. Results thus also indicate that PAL-SE has a causal effect on half-year attrition.

AB - Self-efficacy is associated with both academic performance and attrition in higher education. Whether it is possible to measure students’ academic self-efficacy after admission and prior to commencing higher education (i.e. pre-academic self-efficacy) in a valid and reliable way has hardly been studied. Aims: 1) to evaluate the construct validity and psychometric properties of two short scales to measure Pre-Academic Learning Self-Efficacy (PAL-SE) and Pre-Academic Exam Self-Efficacy (PAE-SE) using Rasch measurement models, 2) to investigate whether pre-academic self-efficacy was associated with half-year attrition across degree programs and institutions. Data consisted of 2686 Danish students admitted to nine different university degree programs across two institutions. Item analyses showed both scales to be essentially objective and construct valid, however, all items from the PAE-SE and two from the PAL-SE were locally dependent. Differential item functioning was found for the PAL-SE relative to degree programs. Reliability of the PAE-SE was .77, and varied for the PAL-SE from .79 to .86 across degree programs. Targeting was good only for the PAL-SE, thus we proceeded with the PAL-SE. PAL-SE was found to be associated with half-year attrition: A difference in PAL-SE from minimum to maximum was associated with a difference in half-year attrition of approximately 7%. This association was found both in the bivariate model and in the multivariate models with control of degree program, and with control of degree program and individual covariates such as earlier educational achievement and social background variables. Results thus also indicate that PAL-SE has a causal effect on half-year attrition.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - Pre-academic self-efficacy

KW - construct validity

KW - differential item functioning

KW - graphical loglinear Rasch mode

KW - attrition

U2 - 10.14786/flr.v7i3.503

DO - 10.14786/flr.v7i3.503

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 91

EP - 118

JO - Frontline Learning Research

JF - Frontline Learning Research

SN - 2295-3159

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 226530197