Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries. / Sjögren, Karl-Göran; Olalde, Iñigo; Carver, Sophie; Allentoft, Morten E; Knowles, Tim; Kroonen, Guus; Pike, Alistair W G; Schröter, Peter; Brown, Keri A; Brown, Kate Robson; Harrison, Richard J; Bertemes, Francois; Reich, David; Kristiansen, Kristian; Heyd, Volker.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 15, No. 11, e0241278, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Sjögren, K-G, Olalde, I, Carver, S, Allentoft, ME, Knowles, T, Kroonen, G, Pike, AWG, Schröter, P, Brown, KA, Brown, KR, Harrison, RJ, Bertemes, F, Reich, D, Kristiansen, K & Heyd, V 2020, 'Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries', PLoS ONE, vol. 15, no. 11, e0241278. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241278

APA

Sjögren, K-G., Olalde, I., Carver, S., Allentoft, M. E., Knowles, T., Kroonen, G., Pike, A. W. G., Schröter, P., Brown, K. A., Brown, K. R., Harrison, R. J., Bertemes, F., Reich, D., Kristiansen, K., & Heyd, V. (2020). Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries. PLoS ONE, 15(11), [e0241278]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241278

Vancouver

Sjögren K-G, Olalde I, Carver S, Allentoft ME, Knowles T, Kroonen G et al. Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(11). e0241278. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241278

Author

Sjögren, Karl-Göran ; Olalde, Iñigo ; Carver, Sophie ; Allentoft, Morten E ; Knowles, Tim ; Kroonen, Guus ; Pike, Alistair W G ; Schröter, Peter ; Brown, Keri A ; Brown, Kate Robson ; Harrison, Richard J ; Bertemes, Francois ; Reich, David ; Kristiansen, Kristian ; Heyd, Volker. / Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries. In: PLoS ONE. 2020 ; Vol. 15, No. 11.

Bibtex

@article{c04983792dc7472bb8b3ea15195ec9b3,
title = "Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries",
abstract = "We present a high-resolution cross-disciplinary analysis of kinship structure and social institutions in two Late Copper Age Bell Beaker culture cemeteries of South Germany containing 24 and 18 burials, of which 34 provided genetic information. By combining archaeological, anthropological, genetic and isotopic evidence we are able to document the internal kinship and residency structure of the cemeteries and the socially organizing principles of these local communities. The buried individuals represent four to six generations of two family groups, one nuclear family at the Alburg cemetery, and one seemingly more extended at Irlbach. While likely monogamous, they practiced exogamy, as six out of eight non-locals are women. Maternal genetic diversity is high with 23 different mitochondrial haplotypes from 34 individuals, whereas all males belong to one single Y-chromosome haplogroup without any detectable contribution from Y-chromosomes typical of the farmers who had been the sole inhabitants of the region hundreds of years before. This provides evidence for the society being patrilocal, perhaps as a way of protecting property among the male line, while in-marriage from many different places secured social and political networks and prevented inbreeding. We also find evidence that the communities practiced selection for which of their children (aged 0-14 years) received a proper burial, as buried juveniles were in all but one case boys, suggesting the priority of young males in the cemeteries. This is plausibly linked to the exchange of foster children as part of an expansionist kinship system which is well attested from later Indo-European-speaking cultural groups.",
author = "Karl-G{\"o}ran Sj{\"o}gren and I{\~n}igo Olalde and Sophie Carver and Allentoft, {Morten E} and Tim Knowles and Guus Kroonen and Pike, {Alistair W G} and Peter Schr{\"o}ter and Brown, {Keri A} and Brown, {Kate Robson} and Harrison, {Richard J} and Francois Bertemes and David Reich and Kristian Kristiansen and Volker Heyd",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0241278",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Kinship and social organization in Copper Age Europe. A cross-disciplinary analysis of archaeology, DNA, isotopes, and anthropology from two Bell Beaker cemeteries

AU - Sjögren, Karl-Göran

AU - Olalde, Iñigo

AU - Carver, Sophie

AU - Allentoft, Morten E

AU - Knowles, Tim

AU - Kroonen, Guus

AU - Pike, Alistair W G

AU - Schröter, Peter

AU - Brown, Keri A

AU - Brown, Kate Robson

AU - Harrison, Richard J

AU - Bertemes, Francois

AU - Reich, David

AU - Kristiansen, Kristian

AU - Heyd, Volker

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - We present a high-resolution cross-disciplinary analysis of kinship structure and social institutions in two Late Copper Age Bell Beaker culture cemeteries of South Germany containing 24 and 18 burials, of which 34 provided genetic information. By combining archaeological, anthropological, genetic and isotopic evidence we are able to document the internal kinship and residency structure of the cemeteries and the socially organizing principles of these local communities. The buried individuals represent four to six generations of two family groups, one nuclear family at the Alburg cemetery, and one seemingly more extended at Irlbach. While likely monogamous, they practiced exogamy, as six out of eight non-locals are women. Maternal genetic diversity is high with 23 different mitochondrial haplotypes from 34 individuals, whereas all males belong to one single Y-chromosome haplogroup without any detectable contribution from Y-chromosomes typical of the farmers who had been the sole inhabitants of the region hundreds of years before. This provides evidence for the society being patrilocal, perhaps as a way of protecting property among the male line, while in-marriage from many different places secured social and political networks and prevented inbreeding. We also find evidence that the communities practiced selection for which of their children (aged 0-14 years) received a proper burial, as buried juveniles were in all but one case boys, suggesting the priority of young males in the cemeteries. This is plausibly linked to the exchange of foster children as part of an expansionist kinship system which is well attested from later Indo-European-speaking cultural groups.

AB - We present a high-resolution cross-disciplinary analysis of kinship structure and social institutions in two Late Copper Age Bell Beaker culture cemeteries of South Germany containing 24 and 18 burials, of which 34 provided genetic information. By combining archaeological, anthropological, genetic and isotopic evidence we are able to document the internal kinship and residency structure of the cemeteries and the socially organizing principles of these local communities. The buried individuals represent four to six generations of two family groups, one nuclear family at the Alburg cemetery, and one seemingly more extended at Irlbach. While likely monogamous, they practiced exogamy, as six out of eight non-locals are women. Maternal genetic diversity is high with 23 different mitochondrial haplotypes from 34 individuals, whereas all males belong to one single Y-chromosome haplogroup without any detectable contribution from Y-chromosomes typical of the farmers who had been the sole inhabitants of the region hundreds of years before. This provides evidence for the society being patrilocal, perhaps as a way of protecting property among the male line, while in-marriage from many different places secured social and political networks and prevented inbreeding. We also find evidence that the communities practiced selection for which of their children (aged 0-14 years) received a proper burial, as buried juveniles were in all but one case boys, suggesting the priority of young males in the cemeteries. This is plausibly linked to the exchange of foster children as part of an expansionist kinship system which is well attested from later Indo-European-speaking cultural groups.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0241278

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0241278

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33196640

VL - 15

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 11

M1 - e0241278

ER -

ID: 252000732