A semi-automated device rapidly determine circulating blood volume in healthy males and carbon monoxide uptake kinetics of arterial and venous blood

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We examined whether a semi-automated carbon monoxide (CO) rebreathing method accurately detect changes in blood volume (BV) and total hemoglobin mass (tHb). Furthermore, we investigated whether a supine position with legs raised reduced systemic CO dilution time, potentially allowing a shorter rebreathing period. Nineteen young healthy males participated. BV and tHb was quantified by a 10-min CO-rebreathing period in a supine position with legs raised before and immediately after a 900 ml phlebotomy and before and after a 900 ml autologous blood reinfusion on the same day in 16 subjects. During the first CO-rebreathing, arterial and venous blood samples were drawn every 2 min during the procedure to determine systemic CO equilibrium in all subjects. Phlebotomy decreased (P < 0.001) tHb and BV by 166 ± 24 g and 931 ± 247 ml, respectively, while reinfusion increased (P < 0.001) tHb and BV by 143 ± 21 g and 862 ± 250 ml compared to before reinfusion. After reinfusion BV did not differ from baseline levels while tHb was decreased (P < 0.001) by 36 ± 21 g. Complete CO mixing was achieved within 6 min in venous and arterial blood, respectively, when compared to the 10-min sample. On an individual level, the relative accuracy after donation for tHb and BV was 102-169% and 55-165%, respectively. The applied CO-rebreathing procedure precisely detect acute BV changes with a clinically insignificant margin of error. The 10-min CO-procedure may be reduced to 6 min with no clinical effects on BV and tHb calculation. Notwithstanding, individual differences may be of concern and should be investigated further.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)437-447
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

    Research areas

  • Faculty of Science - Blood donation, Phlebotomy, Carbon monoxide rebreathing


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