Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation

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Standard

Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation. / Heegård, Jan; Kühl, Karoline.

In: Journal of Germanic Linguistics, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Heegård, J & Kühl, K 2019, 'Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation', Journal of Germanic Linguistics.

APA

Heegård, J., & Kühl, K. (Accepted/In press). Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation. Journal of Germanic Linguistics.

Vancouver

Heegård J, Kühl K. Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation. Journal of Germanic Linguistics. 2019.

Author

Heegård, Jan ; Kühl, Karoline. / Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation. In: Journal of Germanic Linguistics. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{4ad9d3b96e4943c99550642aff0e3835,
title = "Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation",
abstract = "This paper investigates grammatical gender and gender agreement in Heritage Argentina Danish. The basis for the investigation is a subset of the ‘Corpus of South American Danish’ (CoSAmDa) providing approximately 20.500 tokens of gender marking produced by 90 speakers. The results show that Argentine Danish gender marking in general complies with Standard Danish but also that there are systematic differences: There is hardly any difference compared to Standard Danish with respect to the definite suffix, only the gender marking on prenominal determiners differs from Standard Danish. The variation goes in the direction of an overgeneralization of common gender, i.e. the less frequent neuter gender is more vulnerable to variation, and complex NPs (with attributive adjectives) show more variation than simple NPs. The analysis also includes socio-linguistic factors and it shows that tokens produced older speakers and by speakers from settlements with a higher degree of language maintenance comply more with Denmark Danish gender marking. The paper compares these results with other studies of gender marking variation in other Germanic heritage languages, and it concludes that the overall stability of grammatical gender in the Germanic heritage languages included in the discussion is a more general language contact pattern that only partly relates to social or societal factors. Keywords: heritage language; language contact; bilingualism; gender marking; multi-factorial regression analysis",
author = "Jan Heeg{\aa}rd and Karoline K{\"u}hl",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Germanic Linguistics",
issn = "1470-5427",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Argentine Danish grammatical gender: stability with strongly patterned variation

AU - Heegård, Jan

AU - Kühl, Karoline

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This paper investigates grammatical gender and gender agreement in Heritage Argentina Danish. The basis for the investigation is a subset of the ‘Corpus of South American Danish’ (CoSAmDa) providing approximately 20.500 tokens of gender marking produced by 90 speakers. The results show that Argentine Danish gender marking in general complies with Standard Danish but also that there are systematic differences: There is hardly any difference compared to Standard Danish with respect to the definite suffix, only the gender marking on prenominal determiners differs from Standard Danish. The variation goes in the direction of an overgeneralization of common gender, i.e. the less frequent neuter gender is more vulnerable to variation, and complex NPs (with attributive adjectives) show more variation than simple NPs. The analysis also includes socio-linguistic factors and it shows that tokens produced older speakers and by speakers from settlements with a higher degree of language maintenance comply more with Denmark Danish gender marking. The paper compares these results with other studies of gender marking variation in other Germanic heritage languages, and it concludes that the overall stability of grammatical gender in the Germanic heritage languages included in the discussion is a more general language contact pattern that only partly relates to social or societal factors. Keywords: heritage language; language contact; bilingualism; gender marking; multi-factorial regression analysis

AB - This paper investigates grammatical gender and gender agreement in Heritage Argentina Danish. The basis for the investigation is a subset of the ‘Corpus of South American Danish’ (CoSAmDa) providing approximately 20.500 tokens of gender marking produced by 90 speakers. The results show that Argentine Danish gender marking in general complies with Standard Danish but also that there are systematic differences: There is hardly any difference compared to Standard Danish with respect to the definite suffix, only the gender marking on prenominal determiners differs from Standard Danish. The variation goes in the direction of an overgeneralization of common gender, i.e. the less frequent neuter gender is more vulnerable to variation, and complex NPs (with attributive adjectives) show more variation than simple NPs. The analysis also includes socio-linguistic factors and it shows that tokens produced older speakers and by speakers from settlements with a higher degree of language maintenance comply more with Denmark Danish gender marking. The paper compares these results with other studies of gender marking variation in other Germanic heritage languages, and it concludes that the overall stability of grammatical gender in the Germanic heritage languages included in the discussion is a more general language contact pattern that only partly relates to social or societal factors. Keywords: heritage language; language contact; bilingualism; gender marking; multi-factorial regression analysis

M3 - Journal article

JO - Journal of Germanic Linguistics

JF - Journal of Germanic Linguistics

SN - 1470-5427

ER -

ID: 229372867