Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration

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Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration. / Balling, Laura Winther; Morris, David Jackson; Tøndering, John.

In: Acoustical Society of America. Journal, Vol. 142, No. 6, 15.12.2017, p. 3603-3612.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Balling, LW, Morris, DJ & Tøndering, J 2017, 'Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration', Acoustical Society of America. Journal, vol. 142, no. 6, pp. 3603-3612.

APA

Balling, L. W., Morris, D. J., & Tøndering, J. (2017). Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration. Acoustical Society of America. Journal, 142(6), 3603-3612.

Vancouver

Balling LW, Morris DJ, Tøndering J. Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration. Acoustical Society of America. Journal. 2017 Dec 15;142(6):3603-3612.

Author

Balling, Laura Winther ; Morris, David Jackson ; Tøndering, John. / Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration. In: Acoustical Society of America. Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 142, No. 6. pp. 3603-3612.

Bibtex

@article{08f1a00eb727476cae3ac85d39d51ff2,
title = "Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration",
abstract = "Due to phonemic restoration, listeners can reliably perceive words when a phoneme is replaced with noise. The cost associated with this process was investigated along with the effect of lexical uniqueness on phonemic restoration, using data from a lexical decision experiment where noise replaced phonemes that were either uniqueness points (the phoneme at which a word deviates from all nonrelated words that share the same onset) or phonemes immediately prior to these. A baseline condition was also included with no noise-interrupted stimuli. Results showed a significant cost of phonemic restoration, with 100 ms longer word identification times and a 14{\%} decrease in word identification accuracy for interrupted stimuli compared to the baseline. Regression analysis of response times from the interrupted conditions showed no effect of whether the interrupted phoneme was a uniqueness point, but significant effects for several temporal attributes of the stimuli, including the duration and position of the interrupted segment. These results indicate that uniqueness points are not distinct breakpoints in the cohort reduction that occurs during lexical processing, but that temporal properties of the interrupted stimuli are central to auditory word recognition. These results are interpreted in the context of models of speech perception.",
author = "Balling, {Laura Winther} and Morris, {David Jackson} and John T{\o}ndering",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "15",
language = "English",
volume = "142",
pages = "3603--3612",
journal = "Acoustical Society of America. Journal",
issn = "0001-4966",
publisher = "A I P Publishing LLC",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating lexical competition and the cost of phonemic restoration

AU - Balling, Laura Winther

AU - Morris, David Jackson

AU - Tøndering, John

PY - 2017/12/15

Y1 - 2017/12/15

N2 - Due to phonemic restoration, listeners can reliably perceive words when a phoneme is replaced with noise. The cost associated with this process was investigated along with the effect of lexical uniqueness on phonemic restoration, using data from a lexical decision experiment where noise replaced phonemes that were either uniqueness points (the phoneme at which a word deviates from all nonrelated words that share the same onset) or phonemes immediately prior to these. A baseline condition was also included with no noise-interrupted stimuli. Results showed a significant cost of phonemic restoration, with 100 ms longer word identification times and a 14% decrease in word identification accuracy for interrupted stimuli compared to the baseline. Regression analysis of response times from the interrupted conditions showed no effect of whether the interrupted phoneme was a uniqueness point, but significant effects for several temporal attributes of the stimuli, including the duration and position of the interrupted segment. These results indicate that uniqueness points are not distinct breakpoints in the cohort reduction that occurs during lexical processing, but that temporal properties of the interrupted stimuli are central to auditory word recognition. These results are interpreted in the context of models of speech perception.

AB - Due to phonemic restoration, listeners can reliably perceive words when a phoneme is replaced with noise. The cost associated with this process was investigated along with the effect of lexical uniqueness on phonemic restoration, using data from a lexical decision experiment where noise replaced phonemes that were either uniqueness points (the phoneme at which a word deviates from all nonrelated words that share the same onset) or phonemes immediately prior to these. A baseline condition was also included with no noise-interrupted stimuli. Results showed a significant cost of phonemic restoration, with 100 ms longer word identification times and a 14% decrease in word identification accuracy for interrupted stimuli compared to the baseline. Regression analysis of response times from the interrupted conditions showed no effect of whether the interrupted phoneme was a uniqueness point, but significant effects for several temporal attributes of the stimuli, including the duration and position of the interrupted segment. These results indicate that uniqueness points are not distinct breakpoints in the cohort reduction that occurs during lexical processing, but that temporal properties of the interrupted stimuli are central to auditory word recognition. These results are interpreted in the context of models of speech perception.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 142

SP - 3603

EP - 3612

JO - Acoustical Society of America. Journal

JF - Acoustical Society of America. Journal

SN - 0001-4966

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 187292458