Towards a Gold Standard for Evaluating Danish Word Embeddings

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningfagfællebedømt


This paper presents the process of compiling a model-agnostic similarity gold standard for evaluating Danish word embeddings based
on human judgments made by 42 native speakers of Danish. Word embeddings resemble semantic similarity solely by distribution
(meaning that word vectors do not reflect relatedness as differing from similarity), and we argue that this generalisation poses a problem
in most intrinsic evaluation scenarios. In order to be able to evaluate on both dimensions, our human-generated dataset is therefore
designed to reflect the distinction between relatedness and similarity. The goal standard is applied for evaluating the "goodness" of
six existing word embedding models for Danish, and it is discussed how a relatively low correlation can be explained by the fact that
semantic similarity is substantially more challenging to model than relatedness, and that there seems to be a need for future human
judgements to measure similarity in full context and along more than a single spectrum.
TitelProceedings of the 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference
Antal sider10
UdgivelsesstedMarseille, France
ForlagEuropean Language Resources Association
ISBN (Elektronisk) 9791095546344
StatusUdgivet - 2020
BegivenhedLanguage Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC) 2020 - Marseille, Marseille, Frankrig
Varighed: 13 maj 202015 maj 2020


KonferenceLanguage Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC) 2020

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