Towards a Gold Standard for Evaluating Danish Word Embeddings

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This paper presents the process of compiling a model-agnostic similarity gold standard for evaluating Danish word embeddings based
on human judgments made by 42 native speakers of Danish. Word embeddings resemble semantic similarity solely by distribution
(meaning that word vectors do not reflect relatedness as differing from similarity), and we argue that this generalisation poses a problem
in most intrinsic evaluation scenarios. In order to be able to evaluate on both dimensions, our human-generated dataset is therefore
designed to reflect the distinction between relatedness and similarity. The goal standard is applied for evaluating the "goodness" of
six existing word embedding models for Danish, and it is discussed how a relatively low correlation can be explained by the fact that
semantic similarity is substantially more challenging to model than relatedness, and that there seems to be a need for future human
judgements to measure similarity in full context and along more than a single spectrum.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference
Number of pages10
Place of PublicationMarseille, France
PublisherEuropean Language Resources Association
Publication date2020
ISBN (Electronic) 9791095546344
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventLanguage Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC) 2020 - Marseille, Marseille, France
Duration: 13 May 202015 May 2020


ConferenceLanguage Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC) 2020

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