The department is the largest Nordic department in the country, encompassing most of the languages spoken and written in the Nordic countries, the culture and the literature of the Nordic countries, in all cases with an emphasis on Denmark. 

In addition, the department covers a broad range of subfields of the language sciences and communication such as language history, psychology of language, cognitive and functional linguistics, Indo-European studies, sociolinguistics and dialect research, typology of language, reading research, language technology, and communication and media research.

Research areas