The department provides a framework for national and international research that focuses primarily on the language, culture and literature of the Nordic countries with a particular focus on Denmark and with a wide range of sub-areas and interdisciplinary collaboration.

The research is conducted in the following areas, several of which are connected to the department's cultural heritage collections: the Arnamagnæan InstituteAudiologopedicsDanish literature, the Danish language, incl. Danish a second language, communication and media,  Dialectology and language changeIndo-EuropeanGender studies, LingusticsName research archivePsychologi of language and Language technology.

From 2022, the research is organised into 14 research groups, each with a research leader who is a member of the department's research committee:

Culture, literature and gender studies

Communication and media