Stød in unexpected morphological contexts in Standard Danish: An experimental approach to sound change in progress

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In recent years stød has appeared in words where the current phonological and morphological principles of its distribution would exclude it. Thus, a disyllable like [ˈsiːðə] side ‘page’ is without stød, also in a compound like [ˈ̥bɑwsiːðə] bagside ‘back page’, but it
has lately been heard with stød: [ˈb̥ɑwsiːˀðə]. In a controlled experiment, speakers were required to produce compounds consisting of an existing initial word succeeded by a final nonce noun. The results indicate that stød may be spreading in this context. Furthermore,
its distribution across the 40 nonce nouns was found to be similar to its distribution among existing nouns in the vocabulary: There are more nonce nouns with stød (i) in the definite singular, (ii) especially with short stressed vowels, and (iii) particularly if the initial word is monosyllabic. A change is apparently underway which will eventually partially suspend a non-stød principle which relieves disyllabic lexemes of stød.
Translated title of the contributionStød i uventede morfologiske sammenhænge: En eksperimentel tilgang til igangværende lydforandring
Original languageEnglish
JournalNordic Journal of Linguistics
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)147-180
Number of pages34
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

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