Some aspects of dependency in Otto Jespersen’s structural syntax

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningfagfællebedømt

This paper aims to challenge the assumption according to which Otto Jespersen’s syntactic model represents an anticipation of the immediate constituent analysis. In our opinion, there are elements that rather align with a more dependency-oriented framework, as it is the case of Jespersen’s notorious theory of three ranks (1913, 1921, 1937). This was developed over more than twenty years and was meant to constitute the necessary presupposition (and thus the theoretical base) for the very distinction between junction and nexus, grounding it on a pure functional base. Albeit not always consistently or exhaustively fleshed out, the theory of three ranks represents one of Jespersen’s most interesting ideas. The model will be described in detail, focusing on the latest and more formalized version given in Analytic Syntax (1937), by discussing the notation adopted and checking if it fits the five basic requirements for a dependency-based model, as per Mazziotta & Kahane (2017). Finally, it will be shown how Jespersen’s model was taken over by Louis Hjelmslev (1928), in order to develop a purely relations-oriented morphosyntactic theory.
TitelChapters of Dependency Grammar : A historical survey from Antiquity to Tesnière
Redaktører András Imrényi, Nicolas Mazziotta
Antal sider35
Udgivelses stedAmsterdam
ForlagJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN (Trykt)9789027204769
ISBN (Elektronisk)9789027261700
StatusUdgivet - 2020
NavnStudies in Language Companion Series

ID: 257215433