Triazoloquinazolinediones as novel high affinity ligands for the benzodiazepine site of GABA(A) receptors

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Jakob Nilsson
  • Ritha Gidlöf
  • Elsebet Østergaard Nielsen
  • Tommy Liljefors
  • Mogens Peter Cherly Nielsen
  • Olov Sterner
Based on a pharmacophore model of the benzodiazepine-binding site of GABA(A) receptors, a series of 2-aryl-2,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-c]quinazoline-3,5-diones (structure type I) were designed, synthesized, and identified as high-affinity ligands of the binding site. For several compounds, K(i) values of around 0.20nM were determined. They show a structural resemblance with the previously described 2-phenyl-2H-pyrazolo[4,3-c]quinolin-3(5H)-ones (II) and 2-phenyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]quinoxalin-4(5H)-one (III). The 9-bromo substituted compounds 8a-d were prepared in an 8-step synthesis in an overall yield of approximately 40%, and a library of 9-substituted analogues was prepared by cross-coupling reactions. Compound 8e, 21, 22, and 24 were tested on recombinant rat a(1)ß(3)¿(2), a(2)ß(3)¿(2), a(3)ß(3)¿(2), and a(5)ß(3)¿(2) subtypes, and displayed selectivity for the a(1)ß(3)¿(2) isoform.
TidsskriftBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)111-121
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2011

Bibliografisk note

Keywords: 2-aryl-2,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo-[4,3-c]quinazoline-3,5-diones; benzodiazepine binding site; GABA(A) receptors; GABA(A) receptor subtypes; pharmacophore model

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