The Blurry Third Millennium. “Neolithisation” in a Norwegian Context

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In this article, we critically review recurrent tropes, implicit frameworks, and unexplained concepts in current research on the process of “Neolithisation” in the western part of southern Norway. Two models are on offer, as also seen elsewhere in the European research: either 1) the transition to agriculture is
rapid and substantially carried by migrants, or 2) the Late Neolithic transition builds on a long history of local adaptation. After outlining these models, we scrutinise especially west Norwegian evidence, pointing out ambiguities and limitations in the material which mean that neither of the two models fit. In the final section, we consider which new questions could be asked to move beyond the current, somewhat polarised debate: Who are the actors of the transition, how are boundaries between groups created, and can the acknowledgement of the complexity of the process of ‘migration’ result in new narratives? Addressing these questions remains a fundamental challenge for archaeological migration studies as a whole.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOpen Archaeology
Pages (from-to)1-32
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventCAS final workshop - Gabelshus , Oslo, Norway
Duration: 2 Jun 20223 Jun 2022


WorkshopCAS final workshop

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